2nd October

  • October 2nd is one of the most important days in the legal and Indian context. This day is celebrated as “Gandhi Jayanti.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a great freedom fighter and a lawyer by profession, was born on this day. The United Nations (UN) declared this day as the “International Day of Non-Violence.” People offer prayers, perform ceremonials giving tribute to the “Father of the Nation.” Various essay competitions, exhibitions, cleanliness drives take place on this day. The good practices and values of Gandhi, such as Non-violence and Satyagraha (the various movements he was a part of), are remembered fondly.

About Mahatma Gandhi:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. He was the tallest leader of India’s Independence Movement. He led India’s non-violence movement against the British, which proves to inspire citizens even today. Gandhi, a law graduate, moved to South Africa to practice law. He later joined the Indian National Congress (INC) and fought for the rights of peasants, farmers, and laborers. Furthermore, he played an instrumental role in promoting women’s rights and curbing unhealthy caste discrimination. He led the Dandi March in 1930 and the Quit India Movement in 1942. He wanted India to be a secular nation and believed in religious pluralism. Gandhi breathed his last on 30th January 1948, when a Hindu nationalist, namely, Nathu Ram Godse, murdered him.

  • October 2nd witnesses the birth anniversary of another great freedom fighter, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He resembled Gandhi in various ways in terms of his honesty, valor, and simplicity. He, too, was a follower of non-violence and believed in choosing the path with the least violence. A famous quote by Shastri, because of which he is prominently known, says, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.”

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Kirit P. Mehta School of Law Publications