1st October

  • October 1st is celebrated as the “International Day of Older Persons.” This day highlights the contribution of older people to society while also spreading awareness about aging in the modern world. This day has been officially designated such by the United Nations (UN). This year marks the 31st anniversary of this day. COVID-19 has imposed a serious threat on the health of older people. Therefore, special policies and provisions are needed to cater to their needs. The global strategy of aging, well-being, and good health has been covered under Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) across the 17 goals, mainly Goal 3.

Out of the multiple goals, there have been special provisions framed with respect to COVID-19. One of these goals aims to increase awareness about the role of health care workers in maintaining and improving the health of older persons, with special attention towards the nursing profession. Another goal aims to increase the understanding of the pandemic, its impact on older people in terms of health care policy, planning, and attitudes.

  • To promote coffee as one of the most loved beverages, we celebrate October 1st as “International Coffee Day.” By celebrating this day, the world recognizes the contribution of millions of farmers who provide us with this magical beverage. Being a drink coupled with health benefits, it also has certain myths. There are four types of coffee beans from which coffee is produced. Coffee reduces the risk of heart stroke, makes one feel energetic, and has been found to increase concentration levels in humans. It is packed with a lot of antioxidants that help in the prevention of several diseases.
  • October 1st witnesses the “World Vegetarian Day.” This day aims to highlight the advantages of being a vegetarian, which signifies that vegetarian food is equally as nutritious, packed with protein alongside being delicious.
  • The seventh amendment in the Constitution came into effect on October 1st, 1956. It aimed at States reorganisation alongside several amendments in the Indian Constitution relating to High Courts, High Court judges, executive powers of the Union, and the States.
  • Certain amendments in the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, were made, which came into effect on October 1st, 2019. The noteworthy changes introduced were:
  1. Online registration of employees on the date of appointment, time limit of maximum ten days granted for the registration of new employees.
  2. Collection of Biometric ESI Permanent Card from nearest branch office by the employee.
  3. Contribution to be deposited by the due date. Time Limit fixed at 42 days from the end date of contribution period.
  4. Employer to only pay his share of the contribution if the daily salary of an employee is Rs. 176/- or lesser.

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Kirit P. Mehta School of Law Publications